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Stamvrug

Stamvrug

Scientific Name: Englerophytum magalismontanum

Englerophytum magalismontanum, commonly known as stamvrug, is an evergreen tree that mostly grows in rocky places. It has an extensive range, from northern KwaZulu-Natal northwards along the east coast and into the southern African interior, and northwards into tropical Africa. This tree is usually known by its Afrikaans name stamvrug ("stem fruit") which refers to its habit of bearing densely clustered fruit on the trunk and thicker branches, a common feature of this family. The fruit are tasty and sweet with very little pink flesh - they are rich in latex and are leathery-skinned. The seed is large, smooth and hard, and is covered with a soft membrane. Stamvrug fruits are a good source of vitamin C containing 40mg of ascorbic acid per 100g. These are used for making syrup, jelly, jam, wine and vinegar. These are also sometimes distilled to produce a strong alcoholic drink known as mampoer. This plant has medicinal value as well. It is said that powdered roots can be rubbed into incisions made in the skin over affected areas to treat rheumatism, and a decoction is used to treat abdominal pain. It is also said that an infusion of finely powdered roots and fruits has been used to cure epilepsy.